Saturday, 25 November 2017

Robert Mugabe: ‘The Last Political King of Zimbabwe’

A journalist for 20 years in Zimbabwe before he became a barrister, Brian Hungwe reflects on the occasion when Robert Mugabe snapped back at him after he asked the veteran leader whether he intended to retire.

I begin with a disclaimer. I am not a prophet.

But, several years down the line, there shall be a movie, probably named The Fall of the Last Political King of Zimbabwe.

It will feature a divisive wife, and her husband, a tyrant, hoist by their own petard. And, maybe, an Oscar will follow.

At Zimbabwe’s State House in 2013, I asked then-president Mugabe, who was 89 at the time, whether he would run for another four-year term at the age of 94.

I posed the question innocently, thinking it would be quite something for a nonagenarian to seek re-election.
Robert Mugabe: ‘The Last Political King of Zimbabwe’
Mugabe was not amused.

“Why would you want to wish me dead?” he asked.

I replied to the president that I had no such wish but was just wondering about his plans.

He said that it was for the people to decide, not him. I think in that answer I detected a man who was determined to keep a tight grip on power under any, and all, circumstances.

Ministers did confirm to me that he occasionally dozed off during Cabinet meetings, was too frail to walk, and sometimes exhibited memory lapses.

Despite this, Mugabe had no intention of retiring. Indeed, his wife, Grace Mugabe, told a public rally that her husband would rule Zimbabwe from a wheelchair and even from the grave.

“One day when God decides that Mugabe dies, we will have his corpse appear as a candidate on the ballot paper,” the ex-first lady said in February.

“You will see people voting for Mugabe as a corpse. I am seriously telling you — just to show people how people love their president,” she added.


I have no doubt that from Mugabe’s perspective, his 37-year reign ended because of the outright betrayal, hypocrisy, deceit and the treachery of his long-time comrades in the ruling Zanu PF party.

And yet it was he who betrayed them to pave his wife’s path to power.


This included his deputy, Emmerson Mnangagwa, a loyal party cadre he knew from the war for independence in the 1960s and 1970s, and the army chief, General Constantino Chiwenga, whom he wanted arrested and charged with treason after arriving from an official trip to China earlier this month. Events escalated after this.

I attended a good number of Mugabe’s political rallies in my 20-year career as a journalist.

He had an aura of invincibility and his speeches, which were full of rhetoric, were delivered with sheer eloquence. Many liked, revered, and respected him. But he was also hated in equal measure.

The events that were to destroy his political career began in 2014, when his wife started addressing rallies. She went on to attack Mnangagwa, accusing him of fanning factionalism and working against her husband.

She further attacked the army for meddling in party politics after it raised concern about the growing influence of the Zanu PF’s G40 faction, made up of “Young Turks” who were backing her presidential bid.

This raised anxiety and tension and Mugabe, rather than playing a unifying role, chose to side with his wife. The army felt betrayed, as it became apparent that their commander-in-chief no longer had much trust in them.

Things were clearly getting out of hand. The biggest clue came when war veterans, backed by the army, held a press conference in July 2016, asking Mugabe to step down. They accused him of dictatorial tendencies, egocentrism and misrule.

Mugabe was angry, but took no action to address their concerns. The writing was on the wall.

An African proverb says: “If a leopard wants to eat its own, it accuses them of smelling like a goat”.

Attacks on Mnangagwa intensified, and he was accused of focusing more on fulfilling his presidential ambitions than working to improve the struggling economy.

He offered to resign three times, but Mugabe rejected it each time. Then on November 8, Mugabe took Mnangagwa’s scalp, or so he thought, by firing him as vice-president.

Mugabe knew that the purge to clear the way for his wife would not be complete without arresting the army chief.

His loyalists tried to detain Chiwenga soon after he returned from a trip in China, but they failed after the army became aware of the plan.

The general then moved against the frail Mugabe, putting him under house arrest and launching an operation to target “criminals” around him.

After holding out for more than a week, Mugabe resigned. His fate was sealed by the liberation war comrades he had chosen to betray.

The question that arises now is whether Mnangagwa will scrap the ruinous policies that turned Zimbabwe into a basket case.
Can he rebuild the economy, and create, as he promised, “jobs, jobs, jobs”?

Let’s wait and see. As for Mugabe, he is history. BBC




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